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目前我国儿童免费接种的疫苗有哪些?

2012-09-02

答:《预防接种工作规范》中包括的我国免疫规划疫苗,即免费接种的疫苗。儿童自出生后至1周岁,几乎每个月都要接种疫苗,为了帮助家长记忆,下面是按照儿童出生月龄排列的免费接种疫苗种类:

出生月龄                           疫苗种类                                                       可预防的疾病

出生时                                 乙肝疫苗第1                                          乙肝

                                               卡介苗 1                                                  结核病

1                                       乙肝疫苗第2                                          乙肝

2                                       脊灰减毒活疫苗第1                            脊灰

3                                       脊灰减毒活疫苗第2                            脊灰

                                               百白破联合疫苗第1                            百日咳、白喉、破伤风

4                                       脊灰减毒活疫苗第3                            脊灰

                                               百白破联合疫苗第2                            百日咳、白喉、破伤风

5                                       百白破联合疫苗第3                            百日咳、白喉、破伤风

6                                       乙肝疫苗第3     乙肝

8                                       麻风联合疫苗 1                                    麻疹、风疹

                                               或麻疹疫苗 1   

                                               乙脑减毒活疫苗第1剂,                        乙脑

                                               或乙脑灭活疫苗    

                                               12剂(2剂间隔710天)        

618                             A群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗                        A群流脑

                                               12剂(2剂间隔≥3个月)

1824                           百白破联合疫苗第4                            百日咳、白喉、破伤风                                                        麻腮风联合疫苗 1                                    麻疹、流行性腮腺炎、风疹

                                               或麻腮联合疫苗 1   

                                               或麻疹疫苗第2         

18                                    甲肝减毒活疫苗 1剂,                           甲肝

                                               或甲肝灭活疫苗第1

2 乙脑减毒活疫苗第2剂,              乙脑

                                               或乙脑灭活疫苗第3         

2岁~2岁半                     甲肝灭活疫苗第2                  甲肝

3                                       AC群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗第1  A群流脑、C群流脑

4                                       脊灰减毒活疫苗第4                            脊灰

6                                       白破联合疫苗 1                                    白喉、破伤风

                                               AC群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗第2         A群流脑、C群流脑

                                               乙脑灭活疫苗第4                                 乙脑

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